Journal of Theoretics  Vol.4-2

The Human Electromagnetic Energy Field:
Its Relationship to Interpersonal Communication

William L Smith   eic@scitechperspectives.co.uk

Abstract: If there is one single concept that helps to explain much about human interpersonal communication, it is the concept that humanity has an inherent connection with its environment, the basis of which is human consciousness itself, something which is now quantifiable, at least on a theoretical basis. The electric charges coursing through the human brain are measurable by means of an electroencephalogram. Humans thus have an electromagnetic energy field. As a result of this, the human body could act as an aerial that has the potential for simultaneous transmission and reception of energy with its environment (Samways, 1992).
Keywords: consciousness, superstring, electromagnetic energy.

Introduction
       Thoughts and emotion can be considered energy in theoretical terms. Most often, they occur as a result of the stimuli experienced. Stimuli pass through sensory memory and are carried by the nervous system to the brain, where associations are made between short-term and long-term memory, thereby passing through various environmental and genetic filters before manifesting as a behavioral response (see Figure 1).1 The behavior displayed as a result thereof is something that can be superficially studied in terms of interpersonal communication.
       Because of its fundamental nature, not to make this connection is, at best, to engage in cognitive dissonance. At worst, it is to engage in the kind of hubris that Meyer did when he referred to emotions as a whale amongst fishes.2 
       The interrelationship between the human electromagnetic field and interpersonal communication needs to be researched in order to elucidate more precisely how and why this occurs. Criteria need to be devised in order to create a logical framework for research, as well as a device capable of measuring this phenomenon in a setting where at least two people are present - in a way that seeks to integrate harmoniously the physical and social sciences. A tentative effort at establishing an experimental method in order to find a means of measuring this phenomenon will be explored here.

Consciousness
       The single most important concept to comprehend is that human consciousness is now a theoretically quantifiable phenomenon and at least partially measurable as an electromagnetic energy field radiating out from the human body. Sarfatti defines human consciousness with a mathematical equation.3
       The basis for Sarfatti's postulation can be found in the superstring theory of physics.4 In this theory of physics, it is asserted that the most fundamental particles of matter - for instance, protons, electrons and neutrons - are composed of infinitesimally small vibrating strings which combine with other strings of similar resonance. In this case, infinitesimally small would be about 100 billion billion times smaller than a proton.4
       Analogous to the strings on a musical instrument such as the violin or cello, they vibrate at various frequencies, allowing for combination and re-combination of resonant strings in order to form the particles of matter with which we are familiar (i.e., electrons, protons, neutrons, etc.) that form the molecules which, in turn, form the 'solid' world with which we are intimately familiar.4 
       Sarfatti demonstrates the interaction of mind fields on matter and vice versa in the figure below. Without the existence of an electromagnetic field emanating from the human body, Sarfatti's use of the Bohm Ontology and subsequent descriptions of wave fields would not be possible. Without the combination of resonant strings in such a way as to create either matter or the mind field as Sarfatti describes, which is neither matter, nor consciousness, nor the electricity coursing through a human body with a consciousness that is at least aware of its physical surroundings would exist.

              Figure 1
             
Figure 1. Per a drawing from Dr Jack Sarfatti dated February 16, 2001, and sent to the author that date. The Bohm Ontology pictures a Wave Landscape, attached to which is a Particle System Point. The Wave Landscape to which he refers is human consciousness, while a Particle System Point is matter.

Wave Landscape

Particle System Point

For one Wave Landscape acting on a Particle System Point, the frequency is 10^19 Hz. For a Particle System Point acting on the Wave Landscape, the frequency is   10^-17 Hz.
For two Wave Landscapes acting on two Particle System Points, the frequency is 10^19 Hz. For two Particle System Points acting on two Wave Landscapes, the frequency is 2/4 x 10^-17 Hz.
For three Wave Landscapes acting on three Particle System Points, the frequency is 1/3 10^19 Hz. For three Particle System Points acting on three Wave Landscapes, the frequency is x 10^-17 Hz.

Note the lower energy frequency that Dr. Sarfatti assigns for the Particle System Point, as compared to the Wave Landscape.

       Electricity moves throughout the human nervous system, as evidenced by the movement of electricity from, say, a fingertip at the distal end to the human brain. A basic undergraduate human anatomy and physiology text such as Marieb's (1995, pp. 348-349: Table 11.1, lower portion) serves to illustrate this point when discussing the central nervous system.5 The existence of the human body's electromagnetic energy field is also partly measurable by means of an electroencephalogram (EEG). By measuring the electrical flux, it is possible to get a picture of an individual's cerebral electric waves and thereby ascertain whether or not someone in a comatose vegetative state is able to return to full consciousness,6 or if someone is either alive or dead as determined by a lack of brain activity, is one of several indicators of death.1,7 Moreover, electricity within the human body can be measured by hooking a voltmeter up to a neuron. A charge of approximately -70 mV is recorded when one electrode rests on the outer surface and the other is inserted into the neuron itself.5
       Thoughts can indeed be perceived as a form of energy in the most fundamental of senses, not strictly speaking, in the sense that Marieb describes as action potentials, but more in the sense of graded potentials 'because their magnitude varies directly with the intensity or strength of the stimulus.5 The more intense the stimulus, the greater the voltage changes and the farther the current flows.5 
       To recap, from the angle of superstring theory, thoughts can be perceived as being composed of infinitesimally small, vibrating strings that have come together with strings of comparable frequency resonance. These strings, in turn, form larger subatomic and atomic building blocks of matter (i.e., electrons and neutrons), which in this case are the components of the electricity that makes for human consciousness and the concomitant resonating energy field emanating from a given human body as mentioned above.
       If thoughts did not exist as some form of energy, they could neither be formulated as, say, questions, nor directed towards specific objectives or persons as either prayers or telekinesis, and nor could they create the energy fields Sarfatti discusses in Figure 1 above.
       Sarfatti has demonstrated that consciousness is at least theoretically quantifiable in mathematical terms.3 A fundamental result of possessing consciousness is the existence of a measurable electromagnetic field in either a single neuron, by means of an EEG, or in the sense Machado discussed as being either alive or dead due to the presence or lack of human brain activity.7 As Samways notes, the human body is an aerial.8 Just as with any radio transceiver connected to an aerial, the human body may be able to transmit and receive energy from the environment around it, the extreme being the universe/cosmos.
       The oneness of mindbody and how it may be bundled as vibrating energy that is interconnected to everything else in the universe, is the basis of what may be called the "Cosmic Connection". Furthermore, vibrating bundles of energy (i.e., vibrating strings of mutual harmonic resonance that have coalesced to form an electromagnetic field operating at a given frequency -- not unlike a frequency for a radio station, for instance) create fields of influence around their physical selves.8
A physical manifestation of the energy of thoughts is the instincts and/or emotions as they elicit as a response to a specific stimulus. James (1890/1950) notes:
       "In speaking of the instincts it has been impossible to keep them separate from the emotional excitements which go with them. Objects of rage, love, fear, etc., not only prompt a man to outward deeds, but provoke characteristic alterations in his attitude and visage, and affect his breathing, circulation, and other organic functions in specific ways. ... Instinctive reactions and emotional expressions thus shade imperceptibly into each other. Every object that excites an instinct excites an emotion as well [emphasis as found in text]....Emotional reactions are often excited by objects with which we have no practical dealings...."9 
       As with instincts, so with emotions: the mere memory or imagination of an object may suffice to liberate the excitement.9 From a somewhat different approach, Nielsen (1997) concurs10:
"Emotional processing involves weighing the relative significance to an organized set of goal priorities of competing internal and external cues and coordinating thought and behavior in response to these calculations. Steps in the calculation process are "sprung over" by built-in evaluative mechanisms acquired over evolutionary history. By looking at what captures human attention and how this guides ongoing behavior, we can come to understand how these evaluative mechanisms function."
       Dossey (1993) also substantiates this point:
       "David McLelland, Ph.D., of Harvard Medical School, has demonstrated the power of love to make the body healthier through what he calls the "Mother Teresa effect." He showed a group of Harvard students a documentary of Mother Teresa ministering lovingly to the sick, and measured the levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA) in their saliva before and after seeing the film. (IgA is an antibody active against viral infections such as colds.) IgA levels rose significantly in the students, even in many of those who considered Mother Teresa "too religious" or a fake...."11
       From the perspective of contention-scheduling, Nielsen (1997) explicates: 
"Contention-scheduling is thought to be triggered by cues which activate schemata and cues which govern the internal prioritizing of schemata according to organismic priorities. This prioritizing of goals sets up expectancies, intentions and rules which can remain operative within the contention-scheduling system in the absence of explicit behavioral triggers. Thus while currently activated schemata are more likely to pick up cues than inactive ones and hence more likely to generate the behaviors that normally follow from their activation, when situations arise that are relevant to latent goals and intentions, appropriate behaviors can be activated."10 
       To recap: consciousness is essentially composed of miniscule resonating strings that create an electromagnetic field that resonates at a particular frequency that can be mathematically quantified - at least in a theoretical sense - the human body is indeed an aerial that can transmit and receive energy. Thoughts and their concomitant energy do have an outlet by means of visible emotional expression and the radiation of an electromagnetic (EM) field. With this groundwork laid, it is now possible to postulate how these concepts tie in with interpersonal communication.

The Interpersonal Communication Connection
       A cursory examination of interpersonal communication literature would appear to belie the veracity of the contention that there is a relationship between superstring theory, Dr Jack Sarfatti's post-quantum mechanics, human EM energy fields, and cognitive psychological research since at least 1890. It is only on a superficial level that the connection may not apparent.
       The connection lies in what Allspach calls the interpsychic dimension: first, the expression of emotions inherent in the daily interactions that occur between two or more humans; and second, in what Allspach calls the intrapsychic occurrences, where the only interaction in question occurs with the person experiencing an emotional reaction to a given stimulus (i.e., receiving a bill in the mail that is astronomical in size or hearing a message left on an answering machine bearing news of a tragic familial event).12 Essentially, the issue can be reduced, in its most basic form, to stimulus/response in both cases.
       Duck devotes Chapter 7 of his book to the influence a support group, or lack thereof, has on an individual's physical and mental state of wellbeing, a connection that Smith (see Figure 1) makes as well when discussing how psychopathology occurs.1,13 Along with words and gestures, the energy of a support group provides sustenance to an individual; one particular instance being in the discussion of the relationship between prayer and physical illness.11 Responses to such stimuli are either mitigated or exacerbated by genetic and/or environmental factors, the latter being the existence or nonexistence of a support group, something that helps to determine whether or not an individual will experience psychopathology as a result of the experience.1 This can be applied to both the interpsychic and intrapsychic perspectives.
       A case in point regarding the expression of emotions on an interpsychic level is experiencing embarrassment. As Miller points out regarding the social model of embarrassment: 
       "... the active ingredient in embarrassment is concern for what others are thinking of us." And "Embarrassment is the acute state of flustered, awkward, abashed chagrin that follows events [stimulus/response] that increase the threat of unwanted evaluations from real or imagined audiences [emphasis as found in text]".14 
       Embarrassment is an emotion. The expression of an emotion is a thought, in this case the result of a stimulus that caused embarrassment. Thoughts are energy. Therefore, there is a fundamental connection between the interpsychic and intrapsychic communication aspects and the post-quantum mechanical, physiological, and psychological aspects of consciousness. Other aspects of the interpersonal communication perspective that serve to illustrate the connection discussed above are marital discord, the interaction of people within groups, and loneliness. 
       Marital discord makes sense from the perspective of electromagnetic radiation emanating from one human body and being received by another. Physical manifestions of marital discontent as discussed by Hetherington, Law, and O'Connor such as 'defensiveness, avoidance, withdrawal, whining and, if prodded, anger and resentment' are negative emotions experienced by the other partner in response to the stimulus of a mate's provocations.15 On a physiological level, this kind of stimulus triggers the somatic nervous system via Cranial Nerve X and produces a fight or flight response.1 This bears a strong resemblance to Caughlin and Vangelisti's concept of demand/withdraw and also indicates an incompatibility of partners' electromagnetic fields.16 Where the electromagnetic fields of partners are incompatible, therefrom stems marital discord.
       Another case in point is the interaction of people within groups. Parks discusses communication networks.17 The people who participate in the communication networks that he describes share common interests in one form or another. Given that individuals have an electromagnetic field, it is therefore logical to assume that groups of two or more people could produce a combined energy field. Therefore, it is possible to conclude that the communication networks Parks discusses produce their own combined energy fields when two or more members of the communication networks are either present or connected by some other means (i.e., telephone line or Internet connection).
       There are also implications with regard to loneliness. As Segrin and Allspach note: 
       "Upon reaching adulthood, factors such as marital status, marital satisfaction, and size and density of social networks appear to be related to reports of loneliness."18 
       Extrapolating from the above comments that pertain to marital satisfaction and social networks, it therefore becomes possible to postulate that an individual's loneliness stems, in a fundamental sense, from an individual's internal discord. This, in turn, manifests itself as an electromagnetic energy field that is discordant with the energy fields with whom s/he may associate, thereby provoking repulsion in others instead of attraction.
       Hence, there is a connection between superstring theory, Sarfatti's post quantum physics, human anatomy and physiology, psychology and the communication discipline when when discussing the subject of interpersonal communication.

Conclusions
       Abstruse as it may seem on a superficial level, there is indeed a connection between superstring theory, post-quantum mechanics, anatomy and physiology, psychology and the communication discipline with regard to interpersonal communication. The question is fundamental, based upon the understanding that our very consciousness is at least theoretically quantifiable in the sense that physics intends; that our very physical bodies may be aerials that can simultaneously transmit EM energy to and receive EM energy from our physical environment, including to and from other people; and that this energy does indeed influence us as both emotions and thoughts, the latter being particularly focused when discussing the issue of prayer. Ultimately, it ties in with the communication discipline when discussing interpersonal communication, precisely because of our energetic influences upon either our partners or upon the other members of groups of which we find ourselves a part at any given time.
       This is an interdisciplinary topic that needs to be researched from an interdisciplinary perspective. However, instrumentation capable of measuring human EM fields in a dyadic or group situation needs to be developed first so as to assist in quantifying this highly speculative topic, the implication being that objective criteria for measuring this phenomenon in such circumstances need to be established prior to designing and utilizing such equipment in a laboratory setting.

Discussion
       As a preliminary and highly tentative step in this direction, it may be possible to start from the angle of making comparisons between the energy fields of both men and women who are diagnosed by such a mental health professional as either a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist with an American Psychiatric Association Axis I diagnosis of a Major Depressive Episode (test group) and subsequently with experiment participants with no symptoms of depression (control group) as determined by the administration of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) or similar instrument.19,20 Both groups would be administered the BDI as a means of determining whether or not there be a difference that can be correlated at 0.80 or greater between the two groups' EM fields.
       Once both types of experimental participants have passed the initial screening process, they could be connected to such a device as Benford has used to measure human body gamma radiation fluctuations during previous experiments.21,22 Based upon her research, it appears likely that the gamma radiation frequency is what needs to be measured for the purposes of such an experiment.
       If the hypothesis specified in this article of the existence of human EM energy fields be correct, there should be some kind of measurable difference between the energy fields of people suffering from a Major Depressive Episode and those not suffering from such a psychopathology. The hypothesis of a measurable difference between a mentally healthy and mentally ill person's EM energy should be borne out if a substantial difference is found between the readings of the two groups of participants. If not, the reasons would need to be examined in order to determine if there is a flaw in the experimental method not previously detected or if there are other mitigating factors to be considered that had not been previously considered. Ultimately, once properly refined, the experiment should then be replicated at least twice in order to ensure the method employed is sound before subsequent experiments investigating this theory should occur.

Acknowledgement: Special thanks to Navjit Kandola for reminding me that we do indeed attract our experiences to ourselves. It was very inspirational as I worked on this paper.

References
1. Smith W, "Emotions: A Means of Studying Human Consciousness", Journal of Theoretics, Dec/Jan 2000-1, Vol. 2 (5).
2. Meyer M, "That whale among the fishes -- The theory of emotions", The Psychological Review, 1933, pp. 292-300.
3. Sarfatti J, Email to the author 16 February 2001, in which he gives a precise equation and graphic interpretation of how consciousness operates in his theoretical model.
4. Kaku M, Hyperspace: A Scientific Odyssey through Parallel Universes,Time Warps, and the 10th Dimension, Oxford University Press, NY, 1994.
5. Marieb E, Human Anatomy and Physiology (3rd Ed.), The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc., Redwood City, CA, 1995. 
6. Xie Z, "The Origin and Function of the Cerebral Electric Wave and Clinical Implications", Journal of Theoretics, Vol. 1 (5). 
7. Machado C, A new definition of death based on the basic mechanisms of consciousness generation in human beings, 1996. Sent as an email attachment to the author, May 1998. 
8. Samways L, Your Mindbody Energy: How to Access Your Hidden Energies and Take Control of Your Life, 1992.
9. James W, The Principles of Psychology, Volumes I and II, (Location not specified.) Dover Publications, Inc. 1950 reprint of 1890 book.
10. Nielsen L, The Direction of Attention by Affect, 1997. Included as a part of the University of Arizona's online conference on Consciousness, Emotion, and Cognitive Neuroscience, March 1998.
11. Dossey L, Healing Words: The Power of Prayer and the Practice of Medicine, HarperCollins, NY, 1993.
12. Allspach L, Comments during Advanced Interpersonal Communication class, spring 2001 semester, Western Illinois University, regarding interpsychic and intrapsychic reactions to stimuli.
13. Duck S, Human relationships (3rd Ed.), Sage Publications, Ltd., London, U.K, 1998.
14. Miller R, Embarrassment: Poise and Peril in Everyday Life, Chapter 7, Guilford, NY, 1996.
15. Hetherington E, Law T, O'Connor T, Divorce: Challenges, Changes, and New Chances, 1992.
16. Caughlin J, Vangelisti A, An Individual Difference Explanation of why Married Couples Engage in Demand/Withdraw Patterns of Conflict, Paper presented at the annual convention of the National Communication Association, Chicago, 1999. 
17. Parks M, Communication and Personal Relationships, (Dindia K, & Duck S, Editors), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2000, pp. 55-75. 
18. Segrin C, Allspach L, Encyclopedia of Human Emotions, [Loneliness entry](Levinson, D, Ponzetti Jr, Jorgensen P, Editors), Macmillan Reference, NY, 1999.
19. American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, 1994.
20. Beck A, Beck Depression Inventory: BDI-II, The Psychology Corporation: Harcourt Brace & Co, San Antonio, TX, 1966.
21. Benford M, "Biological Nuclear Reactions: Empirical Data Describes Unexplained SHC Phenomenon", Journal of New Energy, 3 (4), pp. 19-27.
22. Benford M, "Empirical Evidence Supporting Macro-Scale Quantum Holography in Non-Local Effects", Journal of Theoretics, Vol. 2 (5).

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