The Light Clock: A New Method of
Measuring True Time
Author: Siepmann JP
Abstract: The Laws of Space and Observation state that time is
nonrelative. The current methods of interval measurement do not measure true time but
rather a periodic occurrence interval which would be relative to the observer. True
(nonrelative) time can only be measured by using a constant, such as the objective speed
of light. The interval it takes the speed of light to travel a preset distance in the
observer's own space and will always be constant and not subject to relativity as the
ratio of dobj (objective distance) to cobj (objective velocity of
light) will always be constant to any observer. Such a device as conceived and
outlined herein shall be referred to as a "light clock."
Keywords: true time, light, Light Clock, time, space, Observational Physics, speed
of light, special relativity, general relativity, dimensions, Space.
The Laws of Space and Observation (LSO) as previously laid out in the paper of the same
name, gives us a new understanding of the universe.1 Previously, according to
Special Relativity (SR) we had thought that as an object goes relatively faster, length
(or distance) would decrease, time would slow down, and mass would increase. We had no
idea what gravity was and why the effect of gravity seemed similar to that of velocity.
Through the LSO we have come to know that Space is the key which advances and unifies our
concept of the universe.1
With Space as an entity, gravity is nothing more than the force exerted by Space when
it is being displaced by matter/energy.1 Additionally, time is nonrelative,
while distance (length) and mass are relative.1 For example, if I were
traveling through Space at 0.8cobj ("cobj" being the
unimpeded [vacuum] speed of light in a relative Space density equal to one), then the
distance covered would be 0.6 times the distance that the at rest observer would see.1
The mass would be increased only because energy has relative mass, with the true mass of
the ship remaining the same.1 Time though would be the same for the observer
and the ship. The following is diagram helps to contrasts the concepts of SR and LSO.
In SR, the ship sees one orbit as being only 0.6 Z km due to length contraction. In
Observational Physics, Space is relatively more dense in the direction of travel so more
distance is traveled and in this case the ship travels 0.6 Z km in one orbit. Though the
distance results for SR and LSO are the same, it is for different reasons.
In regards to time, it takes the ship Z/(0.48cobj) seconds for the SR ship
to do one orbit, but it only takes the LSO ship Z/(0.8cobj) seconds to make one
orbit.A Mass on the other hand, increases inversely proportional to length in
SR. In LSO the additional mass is coming from the relative energy associated with the
mass. For instance, if I was in the same existence state as the traveling ship then its
mass would be the same as its true mass but if I was at relative rest on Earth, then it
would have a relative mass that was 5/3 times more than its actual mass. This is because
of the energy that I observe from my Earthly perspective to be relatively associated with
it renders it the additional observed mass.
I propose that the reason we had thought time to be relative is that the methods that
man has used to measure an interval of "time" utilized modalities that had a
greater density than base Space (a threshold that photons exist below while most other
matter exists above).1 Whether we are using a mechanical watch or atomic
oscillations, all modalities to date are subject to Relative Space Density (RSD). I would
also propose that one or more possibilities could explain why experimentally time has
seemed to slow as relative velocity or gravity was increased. Among these could be: 1) as
RSD increases, relative entropy decreases proportionally; 2) assuming that extended travel
distance of particles/objects meant a slowing of time; or 3) experimental error.
In order for the speed of light (c) to be constant (per SR), then time must be slowed.
Because if an object was going 0.8cobj, then in one second it would have
traveled 4E8m, therefore time would have had to been slowed down for the speed of light to
be a constant, let alone not to be exceeded.B Time therefore had to be slowed
inversely proportional to the length contraction for c to remain constant.
In Observational physics, the speed of light is constant only in the observer's own
Space (cobj). Since light in RSD=1 Space is of a constant velocity, it can then be used to
measure the true time that it takes light to travel a defined distance in RSD=1 Space. For
instance, one microsecond could be defined as the time interval that it takes light to
travel about 300m in RSD=1 Space.
The light clock is a device that is simple design but yet never thought of previously
because the underlying concepts have never before been established. Under SR, distance
would relatively vary, yet the speed of light would stay constant under any relative
conditions making it futile for the purpose of time measurement. But under the Laws of
Space and Observation, the speed of light is a constant only in RSD=1 Space (the
observer's Space or existence state) and could therefore be used as a measure of true time
since the speed of light will vary proportionally with distance (length).
The light clock can take various forms but the most practical would be a circular
device with an inner mirror. The most practical for initial development would be a light
clock with a light path of 1m and 300 reflections (a 1x300 light clock). A
simplified versions of such a device are illustrated below.
Light Clock Examples2
It should be readily evident that such a device will be increasingly accurate with a
larger radius and more points of reflection. Also a series of light clocks measuring
smaller and smaller time differentials could yield near infinite time intervals. It is
also evident that such a device could be more accurate that our current atomic clocks and
yet be made into the size of a wristwatch. Just imagine, time will now be able to be
accurately measured anywhere in the universe, under any conditions. No calculations, no
number crunching...the time on my watch going 0.8cobj will be the same as the person at
home on Earth.
A. The time that it would take the SR ship to make one orbit would use the time
dilation formula t'=t(1/(1-v2/c2)1/2) and for a ship
going 0.8cobj, t' would equal 5/3t yielding a t' of 5/3 x Z/(0.8cobj)
B. Using the length contraction formula with L'=L(1-v2/c2)1/2
, the distance traveled in one second would be:
0.8cobj x 1s = L(1-v2/c2)1/2
L=0.8 (3E8m)/ (1-v2/c2)1/2
Therefore an object traveling at 0.8cobj for 1 second would travel 3E8 m/s x
5/3 for the length contraction yielding a distance traveled of 4E8 meters.
1The Laws of Space and Observation, JP Siepmann, Journal of Theoretics
2Provisional Patent Application Serial Number 60/116517 for "Light Clock."